Assos is an ancient city located on the opposite side of Edremit Bay and Lesbos (Midilli) Island,
on the foot of an archaic
volcano, standing on andesite rocks.
It is occupying such a position that Aegean Sea and Lesbos Island is on the South, Troia is on North,
Lekton (Babakale) town is on the West and Mount Ida is on the East, while Pergamon (Bergama) is located on the southeast side of it.
The importance of the city comes from being close to those location which also has contributed the social, cultural and economic
life especially on the ancient years.
Assos (as known as Άσσος in Greek and Behramkale currently), has been ruled by the Greek, the Macedonian and the Persian before
it is abandoned in the Middle Age. It is such a magical place formed by the amazing nature and the history
and considered as the migration destination for those emmigrated from Greek Islands since the 1st century.
The Temple of Athena at Assos dates back to 6th century BCE. This ancient Doric tample is
restorated to preserve its old magnificiency It is also one of the leading temples built in Doric style.
The view of the temple is also very popular for tourist. Many people come here to watch the moonlight shining
on the remains. Everyone is amazed with the view of Edremit Bay when the Sun rises on the city at dawn. You can see the Agoras, a theatre
and a gynasium toward the sea
There is also a mosque built in the time of Ottoman Sultan Murad I on the North part of the
ancient city. In addition,
you can also see an old bridge, a castle and an adorable port there.
Assos used to have the biggest port in the region in those days that’s why it was so rich economically and culturally. The city also
contains an amphiteatre.
One of the greatest philosophers of all times, Aristo has spent a part of his live in this city. Between 347 and 344 BCE,
he established and run a philosophy school. As Platon mentioned in his widely known masterpiece Republic,
he came to Assos from Athens to realize the ideal state.
First the people of Lesbos has ruled Assos before the Persian invades the city. Later, Alexandre the Great, fought for and conquered the city. It has been ruled by the Roman and the Byzantine, respectively until Ottoman Empire settles down here on 1330. Because Assos was visited by St. Paul, it is still considered sacred by the Christian